## Output from outldem1.sas

Source
0 Graphs

```                      Outlier demonstration: 2 variables                     1
Charts of X1 & X2 show nothing strange
```
```               X1
Midpoint                                        Freq
|
-2.5   |****                                      4
|
-1.5   |***************                          15
|
-0.5   |*********************************        33
|
0.5   |*************************************    37
|
1.5   |***********                              11
|
2.5   |*                                         1
|
3.5   |*                                         1
|
-----+----+----+----+----+----+----+--
5    10   15   20   25   30   35

Frequency```

```                      Outlier demonstration: 2 variables                     2
Charts of X1 & X2 show nothing strange
```
```                X2
Midpoint                                      Freq
|
-2.5   |****                                    4
|
-1.5   |***************                        15
|
-0.5   |***********************************    35
|
0.5   |**********************************     34
|
1.5   |************                           12
|
2.5   |*                                       1
|
3.5   |*                                       1
|
-----+----+----+----+----+----+----+
5    10   15   20   25   30   35

Frequency```

```                      Outlier demonstration: 2 variables                     3
Two-way plot shows outliers
```
```              Plot of X2*X1.  Legend: A = 1 obs, B = 2 obs, etc.

X2 |
|
4 +
|
|                                                                  A
|
3 +
|                                                            A
|
|
2 +
|                                               BAB
|                A
|                                           A A
1 +                                        ACB
|                                     CCC
|                                   BCB
|                                BDEAA
0 +                              FEA
|                           DAB
|                         FDB
-1 +                     BA
|                  A A
|               BAB                            A
|            AAAB
-2 +
|        A
|     A  A
|    A
-3 +
|
--+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+---------+--
-3        -2        -1         0         1         2         3         4

X1

```

```                      Outlier demonstration: 3 variables                     4
Can you spot the outliers?
```
```  X2 |                                    X3 |
|                                   1.0 +
1.00 +                                       |
|                                       |
|                                       |  A   A
|                                       |    A
0.75 +   B                                   |
|  A                                    |          A
|       AB A                            |        A  A
|     AAA                               |    AA  A
0.50 +   A AAAA  BA                      0.5 +   A  AA  BB  BA
|     CDA   CBBB A                      |   A    AAA BAAAA
|   AA   B BCAAAB                       |     DDAAAB A A
|     AAAABB A   A A                    |      A A A AA A
0.25 +            AA B A B  A                |  A  AAA  ACA  A A A
|        A CAC A  B                     |   A   AA  CAA A A
|  A B   A  A AAA   AAA                 |   A    B  BBAA  A  A  A
|     A     A  AA       B               |    AA A    AABBA AB A A
0.00 +      A   A   AAA                      |          A     A
|                                   0.0 +                      A
--+------+------+------+------+-        --+------+------+------+------+--
0.00   0.25   0.50   0.75   1.00        0.00   0.25   0.50   0.75   1.00

X1                                       X1

X3 |
1.0 +
|
|
| A A
|   A
|
|A
|  A A
|     A   AA
0.5 + C  AAB  B  A
| AAA CA  B     A
|     AA  C A FC
|    A   B  AA   A
|   A A A  ACA   BA  A
|      A A AA C AA     A
|  AA   A   AAAC   B    A
|  BA A  BAAAC AA   A
|            A     A
0.0 +       A
-+--------------+--------------+-
0.0            0.5            1.0

X2

```

```                      Outlier demonstration: 3 variables                     5
Outliers show up on last component
```
```PRIN2 |                                  PRIN3 |
4 +                                        |
|                                        |
|                                        |
|                                        |
2 +                    A    A              |
|                  A  BA  B         -2.5 +
|           A C A BAAB  C                |
0 +          AA  B B CC BCC A              |
|          A AA AAAAABCA AA              |
|                AACCA  B                |
|               ABA A B             -5.0 +
-2 +                   A                    |
|                    A  AA A             |
|                                        |
|                                        |
-4 +                                        |                  AA
|                                   -7.5 +
--+--------+--------+--------+-          --+--------+--------+--------+-
-5.0     -2.5      0.0      2.5          -5.0     -2.5      0.0      2.5

PRIN1                                    PRIN1

PRIN3 |
0.0 +         AAB DDDHHJGOFMIDC A
|
|
|
|
|
-2.5 +
|
|
|
|
|
-5.0 +
|
|
|
|
|                  AA
-7.5 +
--+--------+--------+--------+-
-5.0     -2.5      0.0      2.5

PRIN2

```

```                      Outlier demonstration: 3 variables                     6
Outliers show up on last component
```
``` PRIN1
Midpoint                                                                Freq
|
-2.4   |********                                                         4
|
-1.8   |**********                                                       5
|
-1.2   |**************                                                   7
|
-0.6   |**************************************                          19
|
0.0   |************************************************************    30
|
0.6   |****************************                                    14
|
1.2   |**********************************                              17
|
1.8   |************                                                     6
|
----+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+---+
2   4   6   8   10  12  14  16  18  20  22  24  26  28  30```

```                      Outlier demonstration: 3 variables                     7
Outliers show up on last component
```
```               PRIN2
Midpoint                                    Freq
|
-2.8   |**                                   2
|
-2.0   |****                                 4
|
-1.2   |*****************                   17
|
-0.4   |**********************              22
|
0.4   |********************************    32
|
1.2   |*********************               21
|
2.0   |****                                 4
|
-----+----+----+----+----+----+--
5    10   15   20   25   30

Frequency```

```                      Outlier demonstration: 3 variables                     8
Outliers show up on last component
```
```      PRIN3
Midpoint                                                      Freq
|
-7.2   |*                                                      2
|
-6.0   |                                                       0
|
-4.8   |                                                       0
|
-3.6   |                                                       0
|
-2.4   |                                                       0
|
-1.2   |                                                       0
|
0.0   |**************************************************   100
|
-----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+----+
10   20   30   40   50   60   70   80   90  100

Frequency```